African American Firefighters
During the Jim Crow era, a period of widespread discrimination against African Americans that lasted to the mid-1960s, all-black fire stations in Los Angeles were sources of community pride. Sam Haskins, born enslaved in Virginia, became the city’s first African American firefighter. He was fatally crushed in the line of duty in 1895 when the engine he had boarded hit rough pavement on North Main Street on the way to a fire and he fell into the large wheel next to the boiler.
George Bright, hired in 1897, became the city’s second black fireman. By 1902, he had attained the rank of lieutenant, and the Los Angeles Fire Department had a dilemma on its hands: segregate crews or allow a black man to supervise a white staff. In 1924, the department assigned all of its African American firefighters, under Bright’s supervision, to Fire Station No. 30, built in the Prairie School style in 1913 at the corner of Central Avenue and 14th Street.
Jack's Basket Room
Jack’s Basket Room was one of Central Avenue’s most famous after-hours jazz clubs in the 1940s and 1950s. Also known as “Jack’s Chicken Basket,” the “Bird in the Basket,” and “Jack’s Chicken Shack” — for the fried chicken with shoe-string potatoes offered in rattan baskets — the place was a down home joint that nonetheless featured white tablecloths and well-dressed revelers. Ads in the Los Angeles Sentinel pegged Jack’s as “the place where every-one comes to play.”
Almost every night, musicians would show up after their paying gigs and jam with each other to a packed house until dawn. Although it did not serve alcohol, savvy patrons knew to bring their own half-pints. “A chicken ain’t nothin’ but a bird,” Cab Calloway’s lyric, adorned the exterior of the 1923 brick building.
Jack’s Basket Room hit a high note in February 1947, when influential bebop saxophonist Charlie “Bird” Parker played a packed room after emerging from a six-month stay at Camarillo State Mental Hospital for heroin addiction. Unfortunately, Jack's Basket Room was destroyed in a fire in 2018, but if you look closely at the photo of the building you can still see the outline of "Jack's" and Cab Calloway’s lyrics “A chicken ain’t nothin’ but a bird” painted on the outside.